Madrid Spain Map

Madrid is the capital and largest city of Spain, located in the heart of the Iberian Peninsula. It serves as the political, economic, and cultural center of the country.

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Here is a detailed description of Madrid:

Geography and Location:

  • Madrid is situated in the central part of Spain, on the high Meseta Central plateau.
  • The city is approximately 646 meters (2,119 feet) above sea level, making it one of the highest capital cities in Europe.
  • The Manzanares River flows through the city, although its impact is more aesthetic than navigable.


  • Madrid has a rich history that dates back to the 9th century when it was initially a small Moorish settlement.
  • The city became the capital of Spain in 1561, chosen by King Philip II, succeeding Toledo as the capital.
  • Over the centuries, Madrid has played a significant role in Spanish history, witnessing various cultural, political, and social transformations.


  • Madrid boasts a diverse architectural landscape, blending historic and modern styles.
  • The historic center features narrow streets, medieval buildings, and iconic landmarks like the Royal Palace and the Almudena Cathedral.
  • The Gran Vía is a major thoroughfare known for its early 20th-century architecture, including the Metropolis Building.

Landmarks and Attractions:

  • Royal Palace: The official residence of the Spanish monarchs, although it is used primarily for state ceremonies. It is an impressive example of Baroque architecture.
  • Puerta del Sol: A bustling square considered the geographical center of Spain and a popular meeting point.
  • Prado Museum: One of the world’s premier art museums, housing an extensive collection of European art, including works by Goya, Velázquez, and El Greco.
  • Retiro Park: A vast and beautiful park where locals and tourists alike can enjoy outdoor activities, visit the Crystal Palace, or row boats on the large pond.

Cultural Scene:

  • Madrid is a cultural hub with numerous museums, theaters, and art galleries.
  • The city hosts various cultural events and festivals throughout the year, attracting artists and performers from around the world.
  • The nightlife in Madrid is renowned, with an abundance of bars, clubs, and late-night entertainment options.


  • Madrid has a strong and diverse economy, with sectors like finance, services, technology, and tourism playing key roles.
  • The city is home to the Madrid Stock Exchange and numerous multinational corporations.


  • Madrid has a well-developed transportation system, including an extensive metro network, buses, and commuter trains.
  • The Adolfo Suárez Madrid-Barajas Airport is one of the busiest in Europe, connecting the city to international destinations.


  • Spanish cuisine is well-represented in Madrid, with numerous tapas bars, traditional restaurants, and modern gastronomic experiences.
  • The Mercado de San Miguel is a popular food market where visitors can sample a variety of Spanish dishes.

Madrid’s vibrant blend of history, culture, and modernity makes it a captivating destination for both tourists and residents alike.

Author: Kirill Shrayber, Ph.D.

I have been working with vector cartography for over 25 years, including GPS, GIS, Adobe Illustrator and other professional cartographic software.

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