Botswana Vector Road and Street Maps in Adobe Illustrator, PDF, and other vector formats
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Botswana, located in Southern Africa, is known for its stable political environment, vibrant wildlife, and commitment to conservation. Here is a brief overview:

Capital and Major Cities:

  • Capital: Gaborone
  • Other Major Cities: Francistown, Maun, Selebi-Phikwe, Serowe


  • Botswana has a population of around 2.4 million people.


  • English is the official language, facilitating communication in government and education. Setswana (also known as Tswana) is the national language and widely spoken.

Ethnic Groups:

  • The Tswana ethnic group is the largest, and other ethnic groups include Kalanga, Basarwa (San), and Herero. The country is known for its ethnic and cultural diversity.


  • Botswana is characterized by a predominantly flat landscape, with the Kalahari Desert covering much of the country. The Okavango Delta, the world’s largest inland delta, is a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

Natural Resources:

  • The country is rich in natural resources, including diamonds, which have played a significant role in its economy. Conservation areas and national parks support diverse wildlife, making Botswana a premier safari destination.


  • Formerly the British Protectorate of Bechuanaland, Botswana gained independence in 1966. It has since maintained political stability and democratic governance.


  • Botswana operates as a multi-party democracy with regular elections. The Botswana Democratic Party (BDP) has been the dominant political party since independence.


  • Botswana has experienced steady economic growth, driven in part by the diamond mining industry. The government has implemented sound economic policies, contributing to stability and development.

Conservation and Tourism:

  • Botswana is renowned for its commitment to wildlife conservation. National parks and game reserves, including Chobe National Park and Moremi Game Reserve, attract tourists seeking a pristine safari experience.

Cultural Heritage:

  • Traditional music, dance, and art are integral to Botswana’s cultural heritage. The country hosts cultural festivals, and traditional ceremonies reflect the customs and beliefs of its diverse population.

HIV/AIDS Initiatives:

  • Botswana has been proactive in addressing the HIV/AIDS epidemic with effective public health campaigns and initiatives. The country has made progress in managing the impact of the disease.


  • Despite its stability, Botswana faces challenges, including unemployment and income inequality. Diversifying the economy beyond diamond mining remains a focus for sustainable development.
Author: Kirill Shrayber, Ph.D.

I have been working with vector cartography for over 25 years, including GPS, GIS, Adobe Illustrator and other professional cartographic software.

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