Illustrator Map Netherlands full

The Netherlands is a country located in Northwestern Europe known for its flat landscape, extensive canal systems, windmills, and vibrant cities. Here’s a brief description of some of the principal cities, waterways, and main roads in the Netherlands:

Principal Cities:

  1. Amsterdam:
    • The capital and largest city of the Netherlands.
    • Famous for its picturesque canals, historic architecture, and cultural attractions like the Rijksmuseum and Van Gogh Museum.
    • A major financial and cultural hub with a lively atmosphere.
  2. Rotterdam:
    • Europe’s largest port city and a major logistic and economic center.
    • Known for its modern architecture, including the Cube Houses and Erasmus Bridge.
    • Hosts numerous cultural events and festivals.
  3. The Hague (Den Haag):
    • The seat of the Dutch government and home to many international organizations.
    • Known for its governmental buildings, museums, and the Peace Palace.
    • A city with a rich history and diverse cultural scene.
  4. Utrecht:
    • A historic city with a medieval city center and canals.
    • Hosts the largest university in the Netherlands.
    • Famous for the Dom Tower and its lively cafes and restaurants.
  5. Eindhoven:
    • A city in the southern part of the Netherlands known for its technological innovation.
    • Home to the headquarters of Philips and a significant technology and design hub.
    • Hosts the annual Dutch Design Week.


  1. Amsterdam Canals:
    • A UNESCO World Heritage site, the canals form a network throughout the city.
    • Used historically for transportation and defense, now popular for boat tours and leisure.
  2. Rhine River:
    • One of the major rivers in Europe, flowing through the eastern part of the Netherlands.
    • Important for transportation and water management.
  3. Ijsselmeer:
    • A large freshwater lake in the central Netherlands, created by the closure of the Zuiderzee.
    • Used for recreation, fishing, and water sports.

Main Roads:

  1. A1 (Amsterdam to Germany):
    • A major east-west highway connecting Amsterdam with Germany.
  2. A2 (Amsterdam to Maastricht):
    • A north-south highway connecting Amsterdam with the southern part of the Netherlands.
  3. A4 (Amsterdam to Rotterdam):
    • Connects Amsterdam with Rotterdam, passing through The Hague.
  4. A7 (Amsterdam to Groningen):
    • Links Amsterdam with the northern city of Groningen.

These cities, waterways, and roads contribute to the dynamic and well-connected nature of the Netherlands, supporting its economic, cultural, and historical significance.

Author: Kirill Shrayber, Ph.D.

I have been working with vector cartography for over 25 years, including GPS, GIS, Adobe Illustrator and other professional cartographic software.

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