Illustrator Map Belgium Netherlands Luxembourg full

Belgium, the Netherlands, and Luxembourg are three neighboring countries located in Western Europe. Each country has its own unique culture, history, and geography. Here’s a brief overview of the main cities and towns in each country:



  • The capital city of both Belgium and the European Union.
  • Known for its historic architecture, including the Grand Place, a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
  • Multilingual and multicultural, reflecting Belgium’s diverse population.

Antwerp (Antwerpen):

  • A major port city known for its role in the diamond trade.
  • Rich cultural scene with museums, art galleries, and the stunning Cathedral of Our Lady.

Bruges (Brugge):

  • Often referred to as the “Venice of the North” due to its picturesque canals and medieval architecture.
  • UNESCO World Heritage Site with well-preserved medieval buildings.

Ghent (Gent):

  • A university city with a vibrant atmosphere.
  • Features a medieval castle, Gravensteen, and the Saint Bavo’s Cathedral.


  • Located along the Meuse River, it is an important industrial and cultural center.
  • Known for its historical architecture and lively atmosphere.



  • The capital and largest city, known for its picturesque canals and historic buildings.
  • Rich cultural scene, including world-class museums like the Rijksmuseum and the Van Gogh Museum.


  • A major port city with modern architecture, reflecting its post-war reconstruction.
  • Home to the largest port in Europe.

The Hague (Den Haag):

  • The seat of the Dutch government and home to the International Court of Justice.
  • Features historic buildings, museums, and a coastal area called Scheveningen.


  • A historic city with a medieval city center and the iconic Dom Tower.
  • Known for its canals, bike-friendly streets, and lively atmosphere.


  • Situated in the southern part of the Netherlands.
  • Known for its medieval architecture, lively squares, and cultural events.


Luxembourg City:

  • The capital and largest city of Luxembourg.
  • Known for its medieval fortifications, including the UNESCO-listed Old Town.


  • The second-largest city in Luxembourg, known for its cultural events and industrial heritage.


  • A town with a mix of industrial and residential areas.
  • Home to the Centre National de l’Audiovisuel, promoting film and photography.

These descriptions provide just a glimpse into the rich history, culture, and diversity found in the main cities and towns of Belgium, the Netherlands, and Luxembourg. Each place has its own unique charm and attractions.

Author: Kirill Shrayber, Ph.D.

I have been working with vector cartography for over 25 years, including GPS, GIS, Adobe Illustrator and other professional cartographic software.

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