City Plan Lisbon Portugal

Lisbon, the capital city of Portugal, has a rich and fascinating history that spans over a thousand years. Here’s a brief overview of Lisbon’s history:

  1. Ancient Origins: Lisbon’s history can be traced back to its founding as a Phoenician trading post around 1200 BC. It was later colonized by the Romans in the 2nd century BC, and they named it “Olissipo.” The city prospered under Roman rule and was an important administrative and trading center.
  2. Visigoths and Moors: After the fall of the Western Roman Empire, Lisbon came under the rule of the Visigoths. In the early 8th century, it was conquered by the Moors and became part of the Islamic Al-Andalus region. During this time, it was known as “Al-Ushbuna.”
  3. Reconquista: Lisbon was retaken from the Moors by Christian forces led by King Afonso I of Portugal in 1147. This marked the beginning of Portugal as a nation and Lisbon as its capital.
  4. Age of Discoveries: In the 15th and 16th centuries, Lisbon became a thriving maritime and trading hub during the Age of Discoveries. Explorers like Vasco da Gama and Ferdinand Magellan set sail from Lisbon’s port, contributing to Portugal’s global influence.
  5. Earthquake and Rebuilding: In 1755, a massive earthquake, followed by a tsunami and fires, devastated Lisbon. The city was almost entirely destroyed, and it had to be rebuilt from the ground up. This led to the creation of the Baixa district, with its distinctive grid layout.
  6. 19th and 20th Centuries: Lisbon played a significant role in Portugal’s history during the 19th and 20th centuries, including the Carnation Revolution in 1974, which marked the end of a long period of authoritarian rule. Lisbon was the epicenter of this peaceful revolution, leading to the establishment of a democratic government.
  7. Modern Lisbon: Today, Lisbon is a vibrant, cosmopolitan city with a mix of historical and contemporary influences. It boasts a rich cultural scene, historic neighborhoods, and a thriving tourism industry. The city is known for its Fado music, stunning architecture, and beautiful viewpoints, such as the Miradouro da Senhora do Monte and São Jorge Castle.

Lisbon’s history is a tale of resilience, adaptability, and transformation. The city has evolved over the centuries, and its rich heritage is still evident in its architecture, traditions, and culture. It remains a captivating destination for those interested in history and culture.

Author: Kirill Shrayber, Ph.D.

I have been working with vector cartography for over 25 years, including GPS, GIS, Adobe Illustrator and other professional cartographic software.

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