Zagreb is the capital and largest city of Croatia, a country located in Southeast Europe. It is situated in the northwestern part of Croatia, near the border with Slovenia. Here are some key facts and information about Zagreb:
- History: Zagreb has a rich history dating back to Roman times when it was a Roman settlement named Andautonia. Over the centuries, it has been influenced by various cultures and powers, including the Austro-Hungarian Empire and Yugoslavia.
- Geography: The city is located on the southern slopes of the Medvednica mountain and along the banks of the Sava River. Its location in a valley surrounded by hills and mountains gives it a picturesque setting.
- Population: As of my last knowledge update in September 2021, Zagreb had a population of over 800,000 people, making it the most populous city in Croatia.
- Culture and Tourism: Zagreb is known for its rich cultural heritage, including historic architecture, museums, and galleries. The city’s historic Upper Town (Gornji Grad) features medieval and Austro-Hungarian architecture, while the Lower Town (Donji Grad) has a more modern character. Popular tourist attractions include St. Mark’s Church, Ban Jelačić Square, and the Museum of Broken Relationships.
- Economy: Zagreb serves as the economic hub of Croatia, with a diverse economy that includes sectors such as finance, trade, industry, and services. It’s home to many national and international companies.
- Education: The city is home to several universities and institutions of higher education, including the University of Zagreb, which is the largest and oldest university in Croatia.
- Transportation: Zagreb has a well-developed public transportation system, including trams and buses, making it easy for residents and tourists to get around the city. The city is also served by the Zagreb International Airport.
- Sports: Sports are an integral part of Zagreb’s culture, with a strong focus on football (soccer), handball, and basketball. The city is home to several sports clubs and has hosted various international sporting events.
- Festivals: Zagreb hosts numerous festivals and events throughout the year, including the Zagreb Film Festival, the INmusic Festival, and Advent in Zagreb, a popular Christmas market.