Turku is a city located in southwestern Finland. It is the oldest city in Finland and was founded in the late 13th century. Turku is the administrative capital of the Southwest Finland region and the former capital of Finland until Helsinki took over that role in 1812.
Here are some key facts and points of interest about Turku:
- Historical Significance: Turku has a rich history and is home to many historical buildings and sites, including Turku Castle, which dates back to the 13th century.
- Archipelago: The city is situated on the shores of the Baltic Sea and is surrounded by a beautiful archipelago of islands, making it a popular destination for boating and island-hopping.
- Cultural Hub: Turku is known for its vibrant cultural scene. It hosts various cultural events and festivals throughout the year, including the Turku Music Festival and the Turku International Film Festival.
- Turku Archipelago: The Turku Archipelago, consisting of thousands of islands and islets, is a popular destination for nature enthusiasts and offers opportunities for activities such as sailing, kayaking, and hiking.
- Education: Turku is home to several universities, including the University of Turku and Åbo Akademi University. These institutions play a significant role in the city’s intellectual and cultural life.
- Turku Market Square: The city center features a bustling market square, which is a hub for both locals and tourists. It’s surrounded by shops, cafes, and restaurants.
- Turku Art Museum: This museum houses a vast collection of Finnish art from the 18th century to the present day.
- Turku Cathedral: Turku Cathedral, also known as Turku Tuomiokirkko, is an iconic Lutheran cathedral in the city, dating back to the 13th century. It’s an important historical and religious site.
- Turku Science Park: The city has a strong focus on technology and innovation, with the Turku Science Park serving as a center for research and development activities.
- Transportation: Turku is well-connected by land, sea, and air. It has a port that serves as a gateway to Sweden, and it also has an airport for domestic and international flights.
Turku is a beautiful and historic city that offers a blend of cultural, historical, and natural attractions. It’s a popular destination for both tourists and students, and it provides a unique opportunity to explore Finnish history and culture.