Map Minsk Belarus for Printing

Some information on the history and transportation infrastructure of Minsk, Belarus up to that point. 

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History of Minsk:

Early History:

  • Minsk has a rich history that dates back to the 11th century when it was first mentioned in historical records.
  • Over the centuries, it experienced various rulerships, including Lithuanian, Polish, Russian, and Soviet control.

World War II:

  • Minsk played a significant role during World War II. It was occupied by German forces during the war, and the city witnessed intense fighting during the Battle of Minsk in 1941.
  • The city suffered substantial damage, and a large part of its Jewish population was tragically exterminated during the Holocaust.

Soviet Era:

  • After the war, Minsk was rebuilt under Soviet rule. The city became the capital of the Belarusian Soviet Socialist Republic within the Soviet Union.
  • During this period, Minsk underwent urbanization and industrialization, transforming into a major industrial and cultural center.

Post-Soviet Independence:

  • After the dissolution of the Soviet Union in 1991, Belarus gained independence, and Minsk continued to serve as the capital of the newly formed Republic of Belarus.
  • The city experienced economic and political changes, aligning itself with the Soviet past while also seeking to establish its own identity.

Transportation Infrastructure:

Public Transportation:

  • Minsk has a well-developed public transportation system, including buses, trolleybuses, and the Minsk Metro.
  • The Minsk Metro, opened in 1984, consists of two lines and serves as a quick and efficient means of transportation within the city.

Roads and Highways:

  • The road network in Minsk is extensive, connecting the city to various regions of Belarus and neighboring countries.
  • The Minsk Beltway (MKAD) is a major ring road encircling the city, facilitating smoother traffic flow.


  • Minsk is a crucial railway hub in Belarus, with numerous railway lines converging in the city. The Central Railway Station is a key transportation hub for both domestic and international train services.


  • Minsk National Airport (formerly known as Minsk-2) is the main international airport serving the city.
  • The airport connects Minsk to numerous destinations in Europe, Asia, and other parts of the world.

Future Developments:

  • Belarus has shown interest in further developing its transportation infrastructure, including modernizing existing roads, expanding public transportation options, and exploring high-speed rail projects.
Author: Kirill Shrayber, Ph.D.

I have been working with vector cartography for over 25 years, including GPS, GIS, Adobe Illustrator and other professional cartographic software.

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