City Plan Sakhalin Island Russia

Sakhalin Island is a large and rugged island located in the Russian Far East, situated in the North Pacific Ocean, just off the eastern coast of Russia. It is the largest island in Russia and the third-largest island by area in the world after Greenland and New Guinea. Here is a geographical description of Sakhalin Island:

  1. Location:
    • Sakhalin Island is situated in the Sea of Okhotsk, north of Japan and south of the Russian mainland. It is separated from the Russian mainland by the narrow and shallow Tatar Strait and from Hokkaido, Japan, by the Soya Strait.
  2. Size and Area:
    • The island covers an area of approximately 72,493 square kilometers (27,990 square miles), making it a significant landmass. It is about 948 kilometers (589 miles) from north to south and 25 to 170 kilometers (16 to 106 miles) from east to west at its widest points.
  3. Geography:
    • Sakhalin is known for its diverse and rugged geography. The island is characterized by mountainous terrain in the north and central regions, including the Sakhalin Mountains. The island’s southern parts are flatter, with extensive wetlands, rivers, and lakes.
  4. Climate:
    • The island experiences a cold and humid climate due to its high northern latitude and proximity to the Sea of Okhotsk. Winters are long, harsh, and cold, with heavy snowfall, while summers are relatively short and mild. The climate is greatly influenced by the cold Siberian air mass that flows across the island in the winter.
  5. Rivers and Lakes:
    • Several rivers flow across the island, with the Tym’ River being one of the most significant. There are also numerous lakes, especially in the southern lowlands, where wetlands are common.
  6. Coastline:
    • Sakhalin has a rugged and indented coastline that stretches for over 2,000 kilometers (1,242 miles). This coastline features many bays, inlets, and peninsulas.
  7. Natural Resources:
    • Sakhalin Island is known for its rich natural resources, including oil and natural gas reserves in the Sea of Okhotsk, which have been of economic importance to Russia. Fishing is also a major industry in the region.
  8. Flora and Fauna:
    • The island’s diverse ecosystems support various species of flora and fauna. The island is home to brown bears, sables, foxes, and a wide range of bird species. The surrounding waters are rich in marine life, including salmon and crab.
  9. Population:
    • Sakhalin Island is home to a relatively small population, with the majority residing in the capital city of Yuzhno-Sakhalinsk and other urban areas. The population consists of a mix of ethnic Russians and indigenous peoples, including the Ainu and Nivkh.
  10. Economy:
    • The economy of Sakhalin Island is primarily driven by the extraction of natural resources, particularly oil and gas. The island also has a significant fishing industry, and agriculture is practiced in some areas.

Sakhalin Island’s rugged beauty, natural resources, and unique location in the Russian Far East make it a region of strategic and economic importance to Russia. It also offers opportunities for nature enthusiasts and those interested in exploring a remote and distinctive part of the world.

Author: Kirill Shrayber, Ph.D.

I have been working with vector cartography for over 25 years, including GPS, GIS, Adobe Illustrator and other professional cartographic software.

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