City Plan Aquitaine France

Aquitaine is a region in southwestern France with a rich and diverse history. Its history dates back to ancient times, and it has played a significant role in the development of France and Europe. Here’s a brief overview of the history and description of Aquitaine:

  1. Ancient History:
    • Aquitaine was inhabited by various Celtic and Iberian tribes in ancient times. The region was conquered by the Romans in the 1st century BC and became part of the Roman province of Gallia Aquitania.
    • During the Roman period, Aquitaine prospered and saw the construction of roads, bridges, and cities. Bordeaux (Burdigala) was one of the major Roman settlements in the region.
  2. Medieval Period:
    • With the fall of the Western Roman Empire in the 5th century, Aquitaine came under the control of various Germanic tribes and Visigoths.
    • In the 12th century, Aquitaine became a part of the Angevin Empire when Eleanor of Aquitaine married King Henry II of England. This union led to a significant period of English control in the region.
  3. Hundred Years’ War:
    • Aquitaine was a major battleground during the Hundred Years’ War (1337-1453) between France and England. The conflict saw a series of battles, sieges, and shifting alliances.
    • The war ended with the French regaining control of Aquitaine in 1453 after the Battle of Castillon, marking the end of English domination in the region.
  4. Modern History:
    • In the 17th century, Aquitaine became a part of the Kingdom of France under Louis XIV.
    • The region played a role in the wine trade, and Bordeaux became a major center for wine production and trade, a tradition that continues today.
  5. French Revolution:
    • The French Revolution had a significant impact on Aquitaine, as it did on the entire country. The region saw changes in governance, administration, and land ownership during this period.
  6. 20th Century and Beyond:
    • In recent history, Aquitaine has experienced economic growth, particularly in the wine industry, tourism, and aerospace. Bordeaux, the regional capital, has developed into a vibrant and culturally rich city.
    • Aquitaine is known for its beautiful landscapes, including vineyards, forests, and coastline along the Bay of Biscay.
  7. Administrative Changes:
    • Aquitaine was an administrative region of France, but in 2016, it merged with the regions of Poitou-Charentes and Limousin to form a larger administrative region called Nouvelle-Aquitaine. This change was part of a nationwide reorganization of administrative divisions.

Aquitaine’s history is marked by a blend of Roman, medieval, and modern influences, and it has contributed significantly to France’s cultural and economic heritage. Today, Nouvelle-Aquitaine remains a diverse and historically rich region in France.

Author: Kirill Shrayber, Ph.D.

I have been working with vector cartography for over 25 years, including GPS, GIS, Adobe Illustrator and other professional cartographic software.

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