Yakutsk is the capital city of the Sakha Republic, which is also known as Yakutia, in Russia. It is one of the coldest inhabited cities in the world. Here are some key facts about Yakutsk:
- Location: Yakutsk is located in the eastern part of Siberia, in the northeastern region of Russia. It is situated on the Lena River, one of the largest rivers in the world.
- Climate: Yakutsk has an extremely cold subarctic climate, characterized by long, harsh winters with temperatures often dropping well below freezing. The city experiences extreme cold in the winter, with temperatures occasionally reaching below -40 degrees Celsius (-40 degrees Fahrenheit).
- Population: As of my last knowledge update in September 2021, Yakutsk had a population of around 311,000 people. The population is predominantly of Yakut ethnicity, and the city is known for its cultural diversity.
- Economy: Yakutsk’s economy is based on various industries, including mining, particularly diamond mining, as Yakutia is one of the world’s leading producers of diamonds. Other economic activities include agriculture, manufacturing, and trade.
- Landmarks: Yakutsk has several notable landmarks and attractions, including the Lena Pillars, a natural rock formation along the Lena River; the Yakutsk State Museum of History and Culture of the People of the North; and the Permafrost Kingdom, an underground museum that showcases the unique frozen ground of the region.
- Transportation: Despite its extreme climate, Yakutsk is connected to the rest of Russia by road and air. The city has an airport with domestic and international flights, and it is accessible by the famous Lena Highway, although travel in the winter can be challenging due to the cold and icy conditions.
- Permafrost: The ground beneath Yakutsk and the surrounding region is permanently frozen, which is known as permafrost. This permafrost presents unique challenges for construction and infrastructure development in the city.
Yakutsk is a unique and challenging place to live due to its harsh climate, but it also has a rich cultural heritage and is known for its natural beauty.