City Map Taiwan full

Taiwan, officially known as the Republic of China (ROC), is an island nation located in East Asia. It is situated to the east of mainland China, southeast of Japan, and north of the Philippines. Here are some key facts and information about Taiwan:

  1. Geography: Taiwan is an island with a diverse landscape, including mountains, plains, and a rugged coastline. The highest peak is Yushan (Jade Mountain), which reaches an elevation of 3,952 meters (12,966 feet).
  2. Political Status: Taiwan’s political status is a subject of international debate. The island has its own government and operates as a separate entity, but the People’s Republic of China (PRC) claims Taiwan as a part of its territory. The PRC and Taiwan have separate governments, with Taiwan having its own constitution, military, and democratic elections.
  3. Capital: Taipei is the capital and largest city of Taiwan.
  4. Language: Mandarin Chinese is the official language, but various dialects and indigenous languages are also spoken.
  5. Population: Taiwan has a population of over 23 million people.
  6. History: Taiwan has a complex history. It was originally inhabited by indigenous peoples and later became a part of various Chinese dynasties. In the 17th century, it was colonized by the Dutch and then by the Spanish, before coming under Qing Dynasty control. In the late 19th century, it was ceded to Japan. After World War II, Taiwan was placed under the administration of the Republic of China. In the late 20th century, Taiwan transitioned to a multi-party democracy.
  7. Economy: Taiwan has a highly developed and export-oriented economy. It is known for its technology and electronics industry, including companies like TSMC, ASUS, and Acer. The country is one of the “Four Asian Tigers,” known for rapid economic growth.
  8. Culture: Taiwan has a rich cultural heritage that blends Chinese, Japanese, and indigenous influences. It is famous for its cuisine, including street food, night markets, and traditional dishes. The island also has a thriving film and music industry.
  9. Tourism: Taiwan is a popular tourist destination known for its scenic beauty, cultural attractions, and vibrant cities. Tourist highlights include Sun Moon Lake, Taroko Gorge, and the National Palace Museum in Taipei.
  10. Politics: Taiwan is a multiparty democracy with a president as its head of state and a legislative branch known as the Legislative Yuan. The political landscape is often characterized by a dynamic relationship with mainland China and its sovereignty dispute.
  11. Military: Taiwan maintains its own military, known as the Republic of China Armed Forces, primarily to defend itself against potential threats from mainland China.
  12. International Relations: Taiwan is not a member of the United Nations due to the One-China policy, which recognizes the People’s Republic of China as the sole legitimate government of China. However, it maintains unofficial relations with many countries and is a member of various international organizations under the name “Chinese Taipei.”

Taiwan’s status and its relationship with mainland China continue to be a complex and sensitive issue in international politics.

Author: Kirill Shrayber, Ph.D.

I have been working with vector cartography for over 25 years, including GPS, GIS, Adobe Illustrator and other professional cartographic software.

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