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linguisticmaps:
“ Relativization strategies How do languages form relative clauses like “the man that ate bread went home”.
• Relative pronoun/particle/complementizer - “the man [that/who ate bread] went home”. Typical of Indo-European, Uralic and...

linguisticmaps:

Relativization strategies

How do languages form relative clauses like “the man that ate bread went home”.

  • Relative pronoun/particle/complementizer – “the man [that/who ate bread] went home”. Typical of Indo-European, Uralic and Semitic languages. If 
  • Correlative relative (non-reduction) – “the man [who ate bread], [that man] went home or “the man [he ate bread] went home” – this strategy involves an anaphor, repeating the antecedent with a noun/pronoun. Pronoun retention is also lumped in here. This strategy occurs in Indo-Aryan languages (Hindi, Bengali, Punjabi, Gujarati, Marathi, etc.), in Mande languages (e.g Bambara in Mali), Yoruba, Lakhota, Warao, Xerente, Walpiri, etc. 
  • Nominalized/participial relative – “the [bread eating] man went home” or “the [bread eaten] man went home” – I lumped this two together because the behaviour is very similar – used in Turkic, Mongolic, Koreanic, Dravidian, and Bantu languages. 
  • Genitive relative – “[ate bread]’s man went home” – used in Sino-Tibetan, Khmer, Tagalog, Minangkabau, and Aymara. 
  • Relative affix – “the man [ate-REL bread] went home” – used in Seri, Northwest and Northeast Caucasian languages and Maale (Omotic). 
  • Adjunction – “the man [ate bread] went home”, with no overt marker just justapositions modifying the main clause. Used in Japanese, Thai, Shan, Lao, Malagasy. 
  • Internally headed relative – “[the man ate the bread] went home”, the nucleous is in the relative clause itself. Used in Navajo, Apache, Haida. 

If you know about the languages left in blank, please let me know!

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