Mapping Sexually Transmitted Diseases
Toronto Start STD Map
I thought that it would be a while before the Toronto Star managed to beat the popularity of their Toronto Neighbourhood map.That map proved hugely popular in Toronto and the paper was inundated with comments, e-mails and letters in the form of “congratulations, suggestions, and pleas from overlooked communities for a spot on the map“. However the Toronto Star’s latest Map of the Week may generate just as much publicity, being a map of sexually transmitted diseases in the city.
The paper has produced five different Google Maps showing the rates of Chlamydia, Gonorrhoea, HIV, Infectious Syphilis and Other Syphilis in different neighbourhoods in the city. The data for the maps comes from the Ministry of Health in response to a freedom of information request.
A good analysis of the maps is available on the Toronto Star’s website here. It would be interesting, however, to see these maps in conjunction with other data, such as average income, levels of health insurance etc.
Mapping of diseases has a very long history. Perhaps the most famous disease map is the spot map created by John Snow in 1854. Snow created his map to show the cases of cholera in Soho, London. The map helped to prove that the Soho outbreak of the disease was caused by water that came from one pump in Broad Street. The dominant theory at the time was that cholera was caused by “bad air”, so John Snow’s map helped to prove the true cause of the disease.
This video gives a good account of what John Snow’s map making achieved,
The Ghost Map by Steven Johnson from Book Videos on Vimeo.
Google themselves make good use of maps on their own Google Flu Trends website.
HealthMap.org have produced a global disease alert map with data from ProMED-Mail, the World Health Organization, EuroSurveillance and Google News